# syevd (USM Version)¶

Computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, all eigenvectors of a real symmetric matrix using divide and conquer algorithm. This routine belongs to the `oneapi::mkl::lapack`namespace.

Syntax

cl::sycl::event `syevd`(cl::sycl::queue &queue, mkl::job jobz, mkl::uplo uplo, std::int64_t n, T *a, std::int64_t lda, T *w, T *scratchpad, std::int64_t scratchpad_size, const cl::sycl::vector_class<cl::sycl::event> &events = {})

`syevd` (USM version) supports the following precision and devices.

T

Devices Supported

`float`

Host, CPU, and GPU

`double`

Host, CPU, and GPU

Description

The routine computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally all the eigenvectors, of a real symmetric matrix `A`. In other words, it can compute the spectral factorization of `A` as: `A = Z*λ*ZT`.

Here Λ is a diagonal matrix whose diagonal elements are the eigenvalues λi, and `Z` is the orthogonal matrix whose columns are the eigenvectors `z`i. Thus,

`A*zi = λi*zi` for `i = 1, 2, ..., n`.

If the eigenvectors are requested, then this routine uses a divide and conquer algorithm to compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. However, if only eigenvalues are required, then it uses the Pal-Walker-Kahan variant of the `QL` or `QR` algorithm.

Input Parameters

queue

Device queue where calculations will be performed.

jobz

Must be `job::novec` or `job::vec`.

If `jobz = job::novec`, then only eigenvalues are computed.

If `jobz = job::vec`, then eigenvalues and eigenvectors are computed.

uplo

Must be `uplo::upper` or `uplo::lower`.

If `upper_lower = job::upper`, a stores the upper triangular part of `A`.

If `upper_lower = job::lower`, a stores the lower triangular part of `A`.

n

The order of the matrix `A` (`0≤n`).

a

The pointer to the array containing `A`, size (`lda,*`). The second dimension of a must be at least `max(1, n)`.

lda

The leading dimension of a. Must be at least `max(1,n)`.

Pointer to scratchpad memory to be used by the routine for storing intermediate results.

Size of scratchpad memory as a number of floating point elements of type `T`. Size should not be less than the value returned by the syevd_scratchpad_size function.

events

List of events to wait for before starting computation. Defaults to empty list.

Output Parameters

a

If `jobz = job::vec`, then on exit this is overwritten by the orthogonal matrix `Z` which contains the eigenvectors of `A`.

w

Pointer to array of size at least n. Contains the eigenvalues of the matrix `A` in ascending order.

Exceptions

 mkl::lapack::exception This exception is thrown when problems occur during calculations. You can obtain the info code of the problem using the info() method of the exception object: If `info = -i`, the `i`-th parameter had an illegal value. If `info = i`, and `jobz = job::novec`, then the algorithm failed to converge; `i` indicates the number of off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form which did not converge to zero. If `info = i`, and `jobz = job::vec`, then the algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns `info/(n+1)` through `mod(info,n+1)`. If `info` is equal to the value passed as scratchpad size, and detail() returns non zero, then the passed scratchpad has an insufficient size, and the required size should not be less than the value returned by the detail() method of the exception object.

Return Values

Output event to wait on to ensure computation is complete.